The first thing that comes to mind when the word “moth” is a butterfly is often planted in poorly ventilated cabinets, spoiling clothes and other textiles. However, there is also a plant pest moth – no less dangerous and causing enormous damage to garden plantings. This article is devoted to how to deal with moths in the garden, and how to protect plantings from the invasion of these pests.
How to Deal With Kidney and Mountain Ash Moths
Such fruit crops as currants and gooseberries harm the caterpillars of the kidney moth. In the spring, after wintering, they begin to feed on the tissues of the kidneys.
Damaged kidneys look like burned, dry out. In addition, after the leaves open, damaged shoots are noticeable.
To protect plants from moths, pruning and burning of affected shoots, collection of fallen leaves and cocoons should be carried out. In the fight against caterpillars, spraying plants with a decoction of tobacco grass helps.
To protect carrots from a carrot fly, and onions – from onions, you can make an early planting of onions next to carrots.
Rowan moth is a small gray moth butterfly, the wingspan of which does not exceed 1 cm. Its body length is 6 mm. Caterpillars of mountain ash moth up to 1 cm long, greenish-gray, sometimes with a red tint.
Rowan moth damages the fruits of mountain ash, hawthorn, and during periods of mass pest invasion or years of lean harvest for rowan, the moth can also affect the apple tree.
Wintering of moth pupae takes place in dry grass, under fallen leaves and in the upper layers of the soil.
During the flowering of the mountain, ash begins years of butterflies. Females lay eggs on the top of young ovaries of mountain ash. After some time, caterpillars appear that penetrate the pulp of rowan berries, gnawing narrow passages in them, from which droplets of juice then protrude, and dark spots appear on their surface. The affected fruit tastes bitter.
Adult caterpillars leave the berries and go to the place of wintering, where they pupate.
An effective way to deal with garden moths is to spray the plants with a tansy decoction.
It is necessary to dig the soil under the trees, to rake and burn leaves in a timely manner, and also to clear the bark of lichens and growths.
How to Get Rid of Fruit Striped Moths
This pest is a small brown-gray night butterfly, the wingspan of which does not exceed 14 mm. Caterpillars of fruit striped moth 12 mm long, brown with a blackhead.
Striped fruit moth damages stone fruit crops ( cherries, cherries, plums, apricots ), but is sometimes found on apple trees.
Wintering of caterpillars takes place under the bark in the places of branching of young twigs. They are easily detected by accumulations of excrement in the form of dust.
In the spring, during the period of bud opening, the caterpillars leave the wintering places, begin to bite into the buds, and then into the middle of the young shoots, which subsequently dry up. Caterpillars switch to other shoots, which leads to the death of parts of the plant. Each caterpillar can destroy up to five shots.
After some time, the caterpillars leave the shoots and move to the cracks of the bark, where they pupate.
In June, butterflies of the first generation appear, which hide during the day and fly out at dusk to lay eggs. Females lay eggs on the bark of shoots, leaves, and fruits.
After 2 weeks, caterpillars appear, which begin to bite into the buds and shoots, leading to their death. In the fruits, the caterpillars reach the bones and eat them. In places of damage to the fruit, gamma-detection is observed.
After the feeding is completed, the caterpillars leave the fruits and leaves and move to other places for pupation.
At the end of summer, butterflies of the second generation of fruit striped moth appear, which begin to lay their eggs, and the caterpillars that have appeared continue to feed on the bark of shoots until autumn, eating away the passages in them and staying there for the winter.
A great way to get rid of fruit moths is to spray trees of chlorophenols during budding.
It is necessary to trim damaged shoots in a timely manner and burn them.