Grape Moth Protection
This pest is a butterfly with a wingspan of 4 mm. Its front wings are brown with white spots. Hind wings are dark brown. The fringe of the wings is long, gray-white. The antennae are filiform. Caterpillar 3 mm long, yellow. Pupa 2.5 mm in size, light yellow.
Wintering of caterpillars that have completed feeding takes place under a lagged bark. In April, pupation occurs, and after 10-12 days, butterflies fly out, whose life expectancy is about a week, so they mate shortly after departure, the females begin to lay eggs, placing them on leaf veins.
The revival of the caterpillars occurs in 5-7 days. Then they begin to feed, biting into the middle of the sheet and making rounded holes with a diameter of 1.5-2 mm. After the development of the caterpillar is completed, after 8-10 days, second-generation butterflies fly out.
Mass years of the first generation are observed in June, the second – in July, the third – in September. With significant damage, the leaves fall off. Caterpillars of the last generation, after completing feeding, go to wintering places.
To protect against grape moth moths, it is recommended to clean the dead bark and burn it.
How to Deal With Cherry Shoot Moths
This pest is a small brown butterfly with a wingspan of 1 cm.
Caterpillars of cherry moth up to 6 mm long, greenish-yellow. Cherry shoots moth damages and destroys buds, flowers, and leaves of cherries and cherries.
Wintering of caterpillars takes place in the cracks of the bark, near the fruit buds of the tree. They come out during swelling of the kidneys and bite into them, which leads to further drying of the kidneys. Then the caterpillars switch to young leaves and buds, nibbling them and leaving behind a thin cobweb with excrement.
Caterpillars of the cherry shoot moth can penetrate into young shoots, causing them to dry out.
At the end of the flowering of cherries and cherries, the caterpillars pass into the upper soil layers of the near-trunk circle, where they pupate. During this period, it is recommended to cultivate and dig the soil under the trees.
In July, butterflies appear that begin to lay eggs.
Symptoms of plant damage by cherry moth are often confused with signs of freezing of a tree.
To combat the cherry shoot moth, it is recommended to spray the trees with a yarrow decoction.
To prepare it, it is necessary to pour 600 g of dry yarrow herb into 8 liters of water, boil for 30-40 minutes, then cool, strain, add 2 liters of water, let it brew for 2 days. Before use, dissolve 40 g of soap in a decoction.
How to Get Rid of Ermine Fruit Moth
This pest is a butterfly with a wingspan of 18-22 mm. Fore wings are white with black dots. The hind wings are gray. Egg 0.3 mm in size, yellowish, roundish. Caterpillar 14-16 mm long, yellow-gray. Pupa 8–11 mm long, dark yellow, and it’s head black. The cocoon is thin, white.
Ermine fruit moth damages plums, cherry plums, apricots, cherries, cherries, mountain ash, and apple trees.
Wintering of the tracks takes place under the shield. At the end of April, they get out from under it and immediately begin to weave spider webs, pairwise connecting leaves. Their development continues for 1-1.5 months.
Pupation in spider webs takes place separately from each other. After 8-10 days (in late May-early June) butterflies appear. Their years continue until mid-August. 2 weeks after the release of the butterfly begins to mate, after which on the 5-6th day they begin to lay eggs. The female lays 15-40 eggs on smooth bark of thin branches and fills them with mucus, which quickly freezes in the air.
After 8-15 days, the caterpillars are revived, which then remain under a moisture-proof shield until the spring of next year. In the spring, caterpillars begin to damage the leaves and braid the tree branches with a thick web. With significant damage, the quantity and quality of the crop decreases, the growth of shoots decreases, the process of formation of fruit buds is disrupted.
To combat ermine fruit moths, it is recommended to spray the trees with a decoction of marigolds and wormwood. For its preparation, it is necessary to pour 200 g of dried crushed marigold grass 5 l of water, boil for 1 hour. Then pour 5 l of water 200 g of dry chopped wormwood grass, boil for 20 minutes. A cool decoction of marigolds and wormwood, mix, strain, add 2.5 liters of cold water. Processing is carried out 2-3 times during the budding of plants.
How to Deal With Onion Moth
This pest is a small butterfly, the wingspan of which does not exceed 1.5 cm. Its front wings are brown with white spots, the hind wings are light gray with long villi. Caterpillars up to 1 cm long, green, with short hairs. The head of the caterpillars is brownish.
Years of butterflies begin in May. At the same time, they lay eggs on the lower surface of the leaf, and sometimes on the soil near onion plants.
After a week, caterpillars appear, which begin to bite into the pulp of the sheet without damaging its skin. Passages are formed that are clearly visible on the leaves.
After 15 days, the caterpillars leave the leaves and pupate; after another 20 days, the butterflies of a new generation of moth fly out.
Onion moth affects onions, leeks, and garlic. Damaged leaves begin to turn yellow, then dry and die. There is a decrease in yield.
An effective way to deal with onion moth is to spray the plants with an infusion of garlic and calendula seeds. To prepare it, you need to mix 4 cups of calendula seeds and 100 g of garlic passed through a meat grinder. Pour 10 liters of boiling water into the mixture, leave for 3 hours.